A brief history of Animation
It is unbelievable but real … 28,000 BC cavemen were using animation unconsciously. They were creating images to tell their stories which had the sense of movement.
A 5,000 years old bowl has been found in Iran, Shahr e Sokte. It has five images of a goat drawn along the sides. This has been claimed to be an example of early animation.
However, since there were no tools to show the movements, such series of images cannot be called “animation” as we know today.
“Zoetrope” had been invented 180 AD by a Chinese inventor, Ding Huan. It is a device that produces an illusion of action from a rapid stream.
In 1872, Edward Muybridge who was an English pioneer in photographing motion and in motion picture projection started his photographic gathering of animals in motion.
In 1914, Winsor McCay produced a cartoon called "Gertie, The Trained Dinosaur" which amazingly consisted of 10,000 drawings.
In 1923, Walt and Roy Disney found Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio and in 1937 they made the first long featured animation “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” which was full colored.
Different techniques were invented and too many animations were made.
The year of 1995 came. It was the turning point in animation world. Toy Story was made; it was the first ever full-length CG feature film.
Today, animation is commonly produced with computers, giving the animator new tools not available in hand-drawn traditional animation.